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Re: What is each file for?



Maybe you can find something useful in the attachments?
(No idea where I got those though  ...)

Greetings, Remy

-----Original Message-----
From: owner-misc_(_at_)_openbsd_(_dot_)_org [mailto:owner-misc_(_at_)_openbsd_(_dot_)_org] On Behalf Of
Abel Talaveron
Sent: dinsdag 26 oktober 2004 22:17
To: misc_(_at_)_openbsd_(_dot_)_org
Subject: What is each file for?

Hi, I'd like to know where can I find what is each directory, library,
bin...
all the files for.

It can be a web, a book...

Thanks
bin

cat (1) - concatenate and print files
chgrp (1) - change group
chio (1) - medium changer control utility
chmod (1) - change file modes
chmod, fchmod (2) - change mode of file
cp (1) - copy files
cpio (1) - copy file archives in and out
csh (1) - a shell (command interpreter) with C-like syntax
date (1) - display or set date and time
dd (1) - convert and copy a file
df (1) - display free disk space
cbreak, nocbreak, echo, noecho, halfdelay, intrflush, keypad, meta, nodelay,
notimeout, raw, noraw, noqiflush, qiflush, timeout, wtimeout, typeahead (3) -
curses input options
echo (1) - write arguments to the standard output
ed (1) - text editor
ed (4/Amiga) - Ethernet driver for DP8390-based ethernet boards
mt, eject (1) - magnetic tape and removable media manipulating program
expr (1) - evaluate expression
hostname (1) - set or print name of current host system
hostname (7) - host name resolution description
hostname.if and bridgename.if (5) - interface-specific configuration files
kill (1) - terminate or signal a process
kill (2) - send signal to a process
ksh (1) - public domain Korn shell
ln (1) - make hard and symbolic links to files
ls (1) - list directory contents
MD2, MD4, MD5, MD2_Init, MD2_Update, MD2_Final, MD4_Init, MD4_Update,
MD4_Final, MD5_Init, MD5_Update, MD5_Final (3) - MD2, MD4, and MD5 hash
functions
md5 (1) - calculate a message-digest fingerprint (checksum) for a file
md5 (9) - message digest routines
skey, otp-md4, otp-md5, otp-sha1, otp-rmd160 (1) - respond to an OTP
challenge
mkdir (1) - make directories
mkdir (2) - make a directory file
mt (4/VAX) - TM78/ TU-78 MASSBUS magtape interface
mt, eject (1) - magnetic tape and removable media manipulating program
mv (1) - move files
pax (1) - read and write file archives and copy directory hierarchies
ps (1) - process status
ps (4/VAX) - Evans and Sutherland Picture System 2 graphics device interface
pwd (1) - return working directory name
rksh: not found
rm (1) - remove directory entries
rmd160 (1) - calculate a message-digest fingerprint (checksum) for a file
rmdir (1) - remove directories
rmdir (2) - remove a directory file
sh (1) - public domain Bourne shell
SHA1, SHA1_Init, SHA1_Update, SHA1_Final (3) - Secure Hash Algorithm
sha1 (1) - calculate a message-digest fingerprint (checksum) for a file
sleep (1) - suspend execution for an interval of time
sleep (3) - suspend process execution for interval of seconds
sleep, tsleep, wakeup (9) - process context sleep and wakeup
stty (1) - set the options for a terminal device interface
stty, gtty (3) - set and get terminal state (defunct)
sync (2) - synchronize disk block in-core status with that on disk
sync (8) - force completion of pending disk writes (flush cache)
tar (1) - tape archiver


/sbin

atactl (8) - a program to manipulate ATA (IDE) devices
badsect (8) - create files to contain bad sectors
brconfig (8) - manipulate bridge interfaces
ccdconfig (8) - configuration utility for the concatenated disk driver
chown (8) - change file owner and group
chown, lchown, fchown (2) - change owner and group of a file or link
clri (8) - clear inodes
dmesg (8) - display the system message buffer
dump (8) - filesystem backup
dumpfs (8) - dump file system information
fsck (8) - filesystem consistency check and interactive repair
fsck_ext2fs (8) - Second Extended File System consistency check and
interactive repair
fsck_ffs (8) - Fast File System consistency check and interactive repair
reboot, halt (8) - stopping and restarting the system
ifconfig (8) - configure network interface parameters
init (8) - process control initialization
iopctl (8) - a program to control IOP devices
kbd (4/SPARC) - workstation keyboard
kbd (8) - set national keyboard translation
ldconfig (8) - configure the shared library cache
lmccontrol (8) - configure Lan Media Corporation SSI/HSSI/T1/T3 devices
mkfifo (1) - make FIFOs
mkfifo (2) - make a fifo file
mknod (2) - make a special file node
mknod (8) - build special file
modload (8) - load a kernel module
modunload (8) - unload a kernel module
mount (8) - mount file systems
mount, unmount (2) - mount or dismount a filesystem
mount_cd9660 (8) - mount an ISO-9660 filesystem
mount_ext2fs (8) - mount a ext2fs file system
mount_fdesc (8) - mount the file-descriptor file system
mount_ffs (8) - mount a Berkeley Fast File System
mount_kernfs (8) - mount the /kern file system
newfs, mount_mfs (8) - construct a new file system
mount_msdos (8) - mount an MS-DOS file system
ncheck: not found
ncheck_ffs (8) - generate names from inode-numbers
nologin (8) - politely refuse a login
pfctl (8) - control the packet filter and NAT subsystems
pflogd (8) - packet filter logging daemon
ping (8) - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts
ping6 (8) - send ICMPv6 ECHO_REQUEST packets to network hosts
quotacheck (8) - filesystem quota consistency checker
rdump: not found
reboot (2) - reboot system or halt processor
reboot, halt (8) - stopping and restarting the system
restore (8) - restore files or file systems from backups made with dump
route (4) - kernel packet forwarding database
route (8) - manually manipulate the routing tables
routed (8) - network RIP and router discovery routing daemon
rrestore: not found
rtquery (8) - query routing daemons for their routing tables
savecore (8) - save a core dump of the operating system
shutdown (2) - shut down part of a full-duplex connection
shutdown (8) - close down the system at a given time
slattach (8) - attach serial lines as network interfaces
swapctl (2) - modify swap configuration
swapctl, swapon (8) - system swap management tool
swapctl, swapon (8) - system swap management tool
sysctl (3) - get or set system information
sysctl (8) - get or set kernel state
sysctl.conf (5) - sysctl variables to set at system startup
tbrconfig (8) - configure a token bucket regulator for an output queue
ttyflags (8) - set device-specific flags for terminals
tunefs (8) - tune up an existing file system
umount (8) - unmount file systems
wsconsctl (8) - get or set wscons state
wsconsctl.conf (5) - wsconsctl variables to set at system startup


/usr/bin

mail, mailx, Mail (1) - send and receive mail
mail.local (8) - store mail in a mailbox
altqstat (1) - show altq status
apply (1) - apply a command to a set of arguments
apropos (1) - locate commands by keyword lookup
arch, machine (1) - print architecture type
asn1_compile: not found
at, atq, atrm, batch (1) - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
at, atq, atrm, batch (1) - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
at, atq, atrm, batch (1) - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
awk (1) - pattern-directed scanning and processing language
basename (1) - return filename portion of pathname
basename (3) - extract the base portion of a pathname
basename (3p) - extract just the filename from a path
at, atq, atrm, batch (1) - queue, examine or delete jobs for later execution
bdes (1) - encrypt/decrypt using the Data Encryption Standard
biff (1) - be notified if mail arrives and who it is from
cal (1) - displays a calendar
cap_mkdb (1) - create capability database
captoinfo (1) - convert a termcap description into a terminfo description
cksum, sum (1) - display file checksums and block counts
erase, werase, clear, wclear, clrtobot, wclrtobot, clrtoeol, wclrtoeol (3) -
clear all or part of a curses window
cmp (1) - compare two files
colrm (1) - remove columns from a file
column (1) - columnate lists
comm (1) - select or reject lines common to two files
compress, uncompress (1) - compress and expand data
crontab (1) - maintain crontab files for individual users (V3)
crontab (5) - tables for driving cron
cut (1) - select portions of each line of a file
diff (1) - find differences between two files
diff3 (1) - find differences between three files
dirname (1) - return directory portion of pathname
dirname (3) - extract the directory portition of a pathname
dirname (3p) - extract just the directory from a path
du (1) - display disk usage statistics
grep, egrep, fgrep (1) - print lines matching a pattern
Env (3p) - perl module that imports environment variables as scalars or
arrays
env (1) - set and print environment
crypt, setkey, encrypt, des_setkey, des_cipher (3) - DES encryption
encrypt (1) - encrypt passwords from the command line or standard input
ex (4/VAX) - Excelan 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface
ex, vi, view (1) - text editors
expand, unexpand (1) - expand tabs to spaces, and vice versa
false (1) - return false value
fgen (1) - IEEE 1275 Open Firmware FCode Tokenizer
grep, egrep, fgrep (1) - print lines matching a pattern
File::Compare (3p) - Compare files or filehandles
File::Copy (3p) - Copy files or filehandles
File::DosGlob (3p) - DOS like globbing and then some
File::Glob (3p) - Perl extension for BSD glob routine
File::Path (3p) - create or remove directory trees
File::Spec (3p) - portably perform operations on file names
File::Spec::Functions (3p) - portably perform operations on file names
File::Spec::Unix (3p) - methods used by File::Spec
File::Temp (3p) - return name and handle of a temporary file safely
File::stat (3p) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in stat()       functions
file (1) - determine file type
find (1) - walk a file hierarchy
find (3p) - traverse a file tree
find2perl (1) - translate find command lines to Perl code
fmt (1) - simple text formatter
fold (1) - fold long lines for finite width output device
fstat (1) - display status of open files
stat, lstat, fstat (2) - get file status
getconf (1) - get configuration values
Getopt::Long (3p) - Extended processing of command line options
getopt (1) - parse command options
getopt (3) - get option character from command line argument list
getopt (3p) - Process single-character switches with switch clustering
grep, egrep, fgrep (1) - print lines matching a pattern
id (1) - return user identity
groups (1) - show group memberships
gzip, gunzip, zcat (1) - compress or expand files
gzcat: not found
gzip, gunzip, zcat (1) - compress or expand files
head (1) - display first few lines of files
hexdump (1) - ascii, decimal, hexadecimal, octal dump
info (1) - read Info documents
info (5) - readable online documentation
infocmp (1) - compare or print out terminfo descriptions
infotocap (1M) - convert a terminfo description into a termcap description
install (1) - install binaries
install-info (1) - update info/dir entries
ipcrm (1) - remove the specified message queues, semaphore sets, and shared
segments
ipcs (1) - report System V interprocess communication facilities status
join (1) - relational database operator
keynote (1) - command line tool for keynote(3) operations
keynote (3) - a trust-management system library
keynote (4) - a trust-management system
keynote (5) - assertion format
kf (1) - securly forward tickets
last (1) - indicate last logins of users and ttys
lastcomm (1) - show last commands executed in reverse order
ldd (1) - list dynamic object dependencies
leave (1) - remind you when you have to leave
less (3p) - perl pragma to request less of something from the compiler
less, more (1) - view files on a crt
lesskey (1) - specify key bindings for less
lock (1) - reserve a terminal
logger (1) - make entries in the system log
login (1) - log into the computer
login, logout, logwtmp (3) - login utility functions
login.conf (5) - login class capability database
logname (1) - display user's login name
Search::Dict, look (3p) - search for key in dictionary file
look (1) - display lines beginning with a given string
arch, machine (1) - print architecture type
mail, mailx, Mail (1) - send and receive mail
mail.local (8) - store mail in a mailbox
mail, mailx, Mail (1) - send and receive mail
Pod::Man (3p) - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input
man (1) - display the on-line manual pages
man.conf (5) - configuration file for man(1)
mg (1) - emacs-like text editor
mkdep (1) - construct Makefile dependency list
mktemp (1) - make temporary filename (unique)
mktemp, mkstemp, mkstemps, mkdtemp (3) - make temporary file name (unique)
modstat (8) - display status of loaded kernel modules
less, more (1) - view files on a crt
msgs (1) - system messages and junk mail program
nawk: not found
netstat (1) - show network status
newsyslog (8) - maintain system log files to manageable sizes
nice (1) - execute a utility with an altered scheduling priority
nice (3) - set program scheduling priority
nohup (1) - invoke a command immune to hangups
od (1) - octal, decimal, hex, ascii dump
skey, otp-md4, otp-md5, otp-sha1, otp-rmd160 (1) - respond to an OTP
challenge
skey, otp-md4, otp-md5, otp-sha1, otp-rmd160 (1) - respond to an OTP
challenge
skey, otp-md4, otp-md5, otp-sha1, otp-rmd160 (1) - respond to an OTP
challenge
skey, otp-md4, otp-md5, otp-sha1, otp-rmd160 (1) - respond to an OTP
challenge
pagesize (1) - print system page size
pagsh: not found
paste (1) - merge corresponding or subsequent lines of files
pctr (1) - display CPU performance counters
pctr (4/i386) - driver for CPU performance counters
perl (1) - Practical Extraction and Report Language
perl5.6.1: not found
perlbug (1) - how to submit bug reports on Perl
perlcc (1) - generate executables from Perl programs
perldoc (1) - Look up Perl documentation in pod format.
pl2pm (1) - Rough tool to translate Perl4 .pl files to Perl5 .pm modules.
pod2html (1) - convert .pod files to .html files
pod2latex: not found
pod2man (1) - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input
pod2text (1) - Convert POD data to formatted ASCII text
Pod::Usage, pod2usage() (3p) - print a usage message from embedded pod
documentation
pod2usage (1) - print usage messages from embedded pod docs in files
Pod::Checker, podchecker() (3p) - check pod documents for syntax errors
podchecker (1) - check the syntax of POD format documentation files
Pod::Select, podselect() (3p) - extract selected sections of POD from input
podselect (1) - print selected sections of pod documentation on standard
output
printenv (1) - print out the environment
printf (1) - formatted output
printf, fprintf, sprintf, snprintf, asprintf, vprintf, vfprintf, vsprintf,
vsnprintf, vasprintf (3) - formatted output conversion
printf, sprintf, vprintf, uprintf, ttyprintf, db_printf (9) - kernel formatted
output conversion
protoize: not found
quota (1) - display disk usage and limits
radioctl (1) - control radio tuners
readlink (1) - display target of symbolic link on standard output
readlink (2) - read value of a symbolic link
renice (8) - alter priority of running processes
reset: not found
rev (1) - reverse lines of a file
rs (1) - reshape a data array
scp (1) - secure copy (remote file copy program)
script (1) - make typescript of terminal session
sdiff (1) - find differences between two files and merge interactively
sectok (1) - communicate with smartcards using iso7816
sectok (3) - library for communicating with ISO 7816 smartcards
sed (1) - stream editor
sendbug (1) - send problem report (PR) about OpenBSD to a central support
site
sftp (1) - Secure file transfer program
sftp-server (8) - SFTP server subsystem
size (1) - display object file segment sizes (text, data and bss)
skey, otp-md4, otp-md5, otp-sha1, otp-rmd160 (1) - respond to an OTP
challenge
skeyaudit (1) - warn users if their S/Key will soon expire
skeyinfo (1) - obtain the next S/Key challenge for a user
skeyinit (1) - change password or add user to S/Key authentication system
skeyprune (8) - prune commented out and old entries from keys file
slogin: not found
sort (1) - sort or merge text files
splain (1) - standalone program to do the same thing
splain (3p) - standalone program to do the same thing
split (1) - split a file into pieces
ssh (1) - OpenSSH SSH client (remote login program)
ssh-add (1) - adds RSA or DSA identities to the authentication agent
ssh-agent (1) - authentication agent
ssh-keygen (1) - authentication key generation, management and conversion
ssh-keyscan (1) - gather ssh public keys
ssh-add (1) - adds RSA or DSA identities to the authentication agent
ssh-agent (1) - authentication agent
ssh-keygen (1) - authentication key generation, management and conversion
ssh-keyscan (1) - gather ssh public keys
string2key (8) - map a password into a key
strings (1) - find printable strings in a file
su (1) - substitute user identity
sudo (8) - execute a command as another user
cksum, sum (1) - display file checksums and block counts
systat (1) - display system statistics on a crt
tail (1) - display the last part of a file
tcopy (1) - copy and/or verify mag tapes
tee (1) - pipe fitting
tic (1) - the terminfo entry-description compiler
Time::Local (3p) - efficiently compute time from local and GMT time
Time::gmtime (3p) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in gmtime() function
Time::localtime (3p) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in localtime()
function
Time::tm (3p) - internal object used by Time::gmtime and Time::localtime
boottime, mono_time, runtime, time (9) - system time variables
time (1) - time command execution
time (3) - get time of day
top (1) - display and update information about the top CPU processes
touch (1) - change file access and modification times
tput (1) - terminal capability interface
tr (1) - translate characters
true (1) - return true value
tset (1) - terminal initialization
tsort (1) - topological sort of a directed graph
tty (1) - return user's terminal name
tty (4) - general terminal interface
ul (1) - do underlining
uname (1) - print operating system name
uname (3) - get system identification
compress, uncompress (1) - compress and expand data
expand, unexpand (1) - expand tabs to spaces, and vice versa
uniq (1) - report or filter out repeated lines in a file
unprotoize: not found
unvis (1) - revert a visual representation of data back to original form
unvis, strunvis (3) - decode a visual representation of characters
uptime (1) - show how long system has been running
usbhidctl (1) - manipulate USB HID devices
users (1) - list current users
verify_krb5_conf (8) - does a crude test that krb5.conf does not contain any
obvious syntax error
ex, vi, view (1) - text editors
ex, vi, view (1) - text editors
vis (1) - display non-printable characters in a visual format
vis, strvis, strnvis, strvisx (3) - visually encode characters
vmstat (8) - report virtual memory statistics
w (1) - display users who are logged on and what they are doing
wall (1) - write a message to users
wc (1) - word, line, and byte count
what (1) - show what versions of object modules were used to construct a file
whatis (1) - describe what a command is
whereis (1) - locate programs
which (1) - locate a program file (or files) in the path
who (1) - display who is logged in
whoami (1) - display effective user ID
x99token (1) - X9.9 software token calculator
xargs (1) - construct argument list(s) and execute utility
gzip, gunzip, zcat (1) - compress or expand files
zcmp, zdiff (1) - compare compressed files
zcmp, zdiff (1) - compare compressed files
zegrep: not found
zfgrep: not found
zforce (1) - force a '.gz' extension on all gzip files
zgrep (1) - search possibly compressed files for a regular expression
zmore (1) - file perusal filter for crt viewing of compressed text
znew (1) - recompress .Z files to .gz files
ld (1) - link editor
ld.so (1) - run-time link-editor
uuencode, uudecode (1) - encode/decode a binary file
uuencode (5) - format of an encoded uuencode file
uuencode, uudecode (1) - encode/decode a binary file
xfer: not found


/usr/libexec

atrun (8) - run jobs queued for later execution
login_activ, login_crypto, login_snk (8) - provide ActivCard, CRYPTOCard and
SNK-004 authentication
login_chpass (8) - change password authentication type
login_activ, login_crypto, login_snk (8) - provide ActivCard, CRYPTOCard and
SNK-004 authentication
login_krb4 (8) - provide KerberosIV authentication type
login_krb4-or-pwd (8) - provide KerberosIV or password authentication type
login_krb4-or-pwd (8) - provide KerberosIV or password authentication type
login_krb5 (8) - provide KerberosV authentication type
login_krb5-or-pwd (8) - provide KerberosV or password authentication type
login_krb5-or-pwd (8) - provide KerberosV or password authentication type
login_lchpass (8) - change local password authentication type
login_passwd (8) - provide standard password authentication type
login_radius (8) - contact radiusd for authentication
login_reject (8) - provide rejected authentication
login_skey (8) - provide S/Key authentication
login_activ, login_crypto, login_snk (8) - provide ActivCard, CRYPTOCard and
SNK-004 authentication
login_token: not found
cccp, cpp (1) - The GNU C-Compatible Compiler Preprocessor.
ftp-proxy (8) - Internet File Transfer Protocol proxy server.
getNAME (8) - get NAME sections from manual source for whatis/apropos data
getty (8) - set terminal mode
hprop (8) - propagate the KDC database
hpropd (8) - receive a propagated database
ipropd-master: not found
ipropd-slave: not found
kdc (8) - Kerberos 5 server
kfd (8) - receive forwarded tickets
ld.so (1) - run-time link-editor
locate.bigram: not found
locate.code: not found
locate.concatdb: not found
locate.updatedb (8) - update locate database
locate.mklocatedb: not found
lockspool (1) - lock user's system mailbox
mail.local (8) - store mail in a mailbox
makekey: not found
makewhatis (8) - create a whatis.db database
sendmail (8) - an electronic mail transport agent
sftp-server (8) - SFTP server subsystem
smrsh (8) - restricted shell for sendmail
tcpd (8) - tcp wrappers access control facility for internet services
vfontedpr: not found
vi.recover: not found


/usr/sbin

ac (8) - connect time accounting
accton (8) - enable/disable system accounting
activadm, cryptoadm, snkadm (8) - manage the ActivCard, CRYPTOCard and SNK-004
token databases
activinit, cryptoinit, snkinit (8) - modify or add user in ActivCard, CRYPTO-
Card, or SNK-004 authentication system
altqd (8) - ALTQ daemon
amd (8) - automatically mount file systems
amq (8) - automounter query tool
arp (4) - Address Resolution Protocol
arp (8) - address resolution display and control
bad144 (8) - read/write DEC standard 144 bad sector information
certpatch (8) - add subjectAltName identities to X.509 certificates
chroot (2) - change root directory
chroot (8) - change root directory
Config (3p) - access Perl configuration information
config (8) - build kernel compilation directories or modify a kernel
cron (8) - daemon to execute scheduled commands (Vixie Cron)
activadm, cryptoadm, snkadm (8) - manage the ActivCard, CRYPTOCard and SNK-004
token databases
activinit, cryptoinit, snkinit (8) - modify or add user in ActivCard, CRYPTO-
Card, or SNK-004 authentication system
dev_mkdb (8) - create /dev database
dig (1) - send domain name query packets to name servers
dnsquery (1) - query domain name servers using resolver
editmap (8) - query and edit single records in database maps for
edquota (8) - edit user quotas
ext_srvtab (8) - extract service key files from Kerberos key distribution
center database
fdformat (1) - format floppy disks
host (1) - query nameserver about domain names and zones
httpd (8) - Apache hypertext transfer protocol server
ifmcstat (8) - dump multicast group management statistics per interface
inetd (8) - internet ``super-server''
iostat (8) - report I/O statistics
ktutil (8) - manage Kerberos keytabs
kvm_mkdb (8) - create kernel database
mailstats (1) - display mail statistics
mailwrapper (8) - invoke appropriate MTA software based on configuration file
memconfig (8) - control system cache behaviour with respect to memory
mk-amd-map (8) - create database maps for Amd
mkhybrid (8) - create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem with optional
Rock Ridge attributes.
mkisofs (8) - create a iso9660 filesystem with optional Rock Ridge
attributes.
mtree (8) - map a directory hierarchy
named.reload (8) - cause the name server to synchronize its database
named.restart (8) - stop and restart the name server
netgroup_mkdb (8) - generate the netgroup databases
nslookup (8) - query Internet name servers interactively
openssl (1) - OpenSSL command line tool
pkg (1) - replacement-to-be of pkg_* tools.
pkg_info (1) - a utility for displaying information on software packages
praliases (1) - display system mail aliases
pstat (8) - display system data structures
quot (8) - display disk space occupied by each user
quotaon, quotaoff (8) - turn filesystem quotas on and off
quotaon, quotaoff (8) - turn filesystem quotas on and off
rarpd (8) - reverse ARP daemon
rdconfig (8) - configure RAM disks
repquota (8) - summarize quotas for a file system
rmgroup (8) - delete a Unix group
rotatelogs (8) - rotate Apache logs without having to kill the server
route6d (8) - RIP6 Routing Daemon
rtadvd (8) - router advertisement daemon
rtadvd.conf (5) - config file for router advertisement daemon
sa (8) - print system accounting statistics
activadm, cryptoadm, snkadm (8) - manage the ActivCard, CRYPTOCard and SNK-004
token databases
activinit, cryptoinit, snkinit (8) - modify or add user in ActivCard, CRYPTO-
Card, or SNK-004 authentication system
spppcontrol (8) - display or set parameters for an sppp interface
sshd (8) - OpenSSH SSH daemon
syslogd (8) - log systems messages
tcpdchk (8) - tcp wrapper configuration checker
tcpdmatch (8) - tcp wrapper oracle
tokenadm: not found
tokeninit: not found
traceroute (8) - print the route packets take to network host
traceroute6 (8) - print the route IPv6 packets will take to the destination
visudo (8) - edit the sudoers file
vnconfig (8) - configure vnode disks for file swapping or pseudo file systems
wsconscfg (8) - configure virtual terminals on a wscons display
wsfontload (8) - load a font bitmap into a wscons display device
wsmoused (8/i386) - wsmouse daemon
/bin

[: not found
domainname (1) - set or print YP domain of current host system
rcp (1) - remote file copy
rmail (8) - handle remote mail received via uucp
Test (3p) - provides a simple framework for writing test scripts
Test::Harness (3p) - run perl standard test scripts with statistics
test (1) - condition evaluation utility


/sbin

ancontrol (8) - configure Aironet 4500/4800 devices
dhclient (8) - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Client
dhclient-script (8) - DHCP client network configuration script
dhclient.conf (5) - DHCP client configuration file
dhclient.leases (5) - DHCP client lease database
dhclient-script (8) - DHCP client network configuration script
disklabel (5) - disk pack label
disklabel (8) - read and write disk pack label
disklabel, readdisklabel, writedisklabel, setdisklabel,
bounds_check_with_label (9) - disk label management routines
fsck_msdos (8) - DOS/Windows (FAT) filesystem consistency checker
fsdb (8) - FFS debugging/editing tool
fdisk (8) - DOS partition maintenance program
fsirand (8) - randomize inode generation numbers
ipsecadm (8) - interface to setup IPsec
isakmpd (8) - ISAKMP/Oakley a.k.a. IKE key management daemon
isakmpd.conf (5) - configuration file for isakmpd
isakmpd.policy (5) - policy configuration file for isakmpd
mount_ados (8) - mount an AmigaDOS file system
mount_nfs (8) - mount nfs file systems
mount_null (8) - demonstrate the use of a null file system layer
mount_portal (8) - mount the portal daemon
mount_procfs (8) - mount the process file system
mount_tcfs (8) - mount a tcfs filesystem sub-tree
mount_umap (8) - sample file system layer
mount_union (8) - mount union filesystems
mount_xfs (8) - mount the xfs filesystem
mountd (8) - service remote NFS mount requests
newfs, mount_mfs (8) - construct a new file system
newfs_msdos (8) - construct a new MS-DOS (FAT) file system
nfsd (8) - remote NFS server
photurisd (8) - IPsec key management daemon
raidctl (8) - configuration utility for the RAIDframe disk driver
rtsol: not found
scan_ffs (8) - find UFS/FFS partitions on a disk
startkey (1) - start keying with photurisd
scsi (4) - scsi system
scsi (8) - program to assist with SCSI devices
wicontrol (8) - configure WaveLAN/IEEE devices


/usr/bin

a2p (1) - Awk to Perl translator
addftinfo (1) - add information to troff font files for use with groff
afmtodit (1) - create font files for use with groff -Tps
afslog (1) - obtains AFS tokens for specified cells
aucat (1) - concatenate and play audio files
audioctl (1) - control audio device
banner (1) - print strings in large letters
banner (6) - print large banner on printer
bc (1) - An arbitrary precision calculator language
calendar (1) - reminder service
c2ph, pstruct (1) - Dump C structures as generated from "cc -g -S" stabs
cdio (1) - compact disc audio player and control utility
checknr (1) - check nroff/troff files
co (1) - check out RCS revisions
ci (1) - check in RCS revisions
col (1) - filter reverse line feeds from input
colcrt (1) - filter nroff output for CRT previewing
compile_et (1) - error table compiler
cccp, cpp (1) - The GNU C-Compatible Compiler Preprocessor.
ctags (1) - create a tags file
tip, cu (1) - connect to a remote system
cvs (1) - Concurrent Versions System
cvs (5) - Concurrent Versions System support files
cvsbug (8) - send problem report (PR) about CVS to a central support site
c++filt: not found
dbmmanage (1) - Create and update user authentication files in DBM format
dc (1) - an arbitrary precision calculator
dc (4) - DEC/Intel 21143 and clone 10/100 Ethernet driver
deroff (1) - remove troff and preprocessor constructs
dprofpp (1) - display perl profile data
elf2olf, olf2elf (1) - convert between ELF and OLF object module format
elf2olf, olf2elf (1) - convert between ELF and OLF object module format
eqn (1) - format equations for troff
error (1) - analyze and disperse compiler error messages
file2c (1) - convert file to c-source
finger (1) - user information lookup program
from (1) - print names of those who have sent mail
fsplit (1) - split a multi-routine Fortran file into individual files
ftp (1) - ARPANET file transfer program
ftp-proxy (8) - Internet File Transfer Protocol proxy server.
gencat (1) - NLS catalog compiler
gnubc: not found
grodvi (1) - convert groff output to TeX dvi format
groff (1) - front end for the groff document formatting system
grog (1) - guess options for groff command
grohtml (1) - html driver for groff
grolj4 (1) - groff driver for HP Laserjet 4 family
grops (1) - PostScript driver for groff
grotty (1) - groff driver for typewriter-like devices
gzexe (1) - compress executable files in place
h2ph (1) - convert .h C header files to .ph Perl header files
h2xs (1) - convert .h C header files to Perl extensions
help (1) - help for new users and administrators
hpftodit (1) - create font description files for use with groff -Tlj4
htdigest (1) - Create and update user authentication files
htpasswd (1) - Create and update user authentication files
ident (1) - identify RCS keyword strings in files
indent (1) - indent and format C program source
indxbib (1) - make inverted index for bibliographic databases
install-info (1) - update info/dir entries
jot (1) - print sequential or random data
kinit, kauth (1) - acquire initial tickets
kdestroy (1) - destroy the current ticket file
kdump (1) - display kernel trace data
kinit, kauth (1) - acquire initial tickets
klist (1) - list Kerberos credentials
ktrace (1) - enable kernel process tracing
ktrace (2) - process tracing
lam (1) - laminate files
lkbib (1) - search bibliographic databases
lndir (1) - create a shadow directory of symbolic links to another
locate (1) - find filenames quickly
locate.updatedb (8) - update locate database
lookbib (1) - search bibliographic databases
lpq (1) - spool queue examination program
lpr (1) - off line print
lprm (1) - remove jobs from the line printer spooling queue
lynx (1) - a general purpose distributed information browser for the World
Wide Web
m4 (1) - macro language processor
make (1) - maintain program dependencies
makeinfo (1) - translate Texinfo documents
merge (1) - three-way file merge
mesg (1) - display (do not display) messages from other users
mixerctl (1) - control audio mixing
midiplay (1) - play MIDI files
mset (1) - retrieve ASCII to IBM 3270 keyboard map
nc (1) - arbitrary TCP and UDP connections and listens
neqn: not found
nfsstat (1) - display NFS statistics
nroff (1) - emulate nroff command with groff
oldrdist: not found
page: not found
patch (1) - apply a diff file to an original
pfbtops (1) - translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII
pic (1) - compile pictures for troff or TeX
pr (1) - print files
psbb (1) - extract bounding box from PostScript document
c2ph, pstruct (1) - Dump C structures as generated from "cc -g -S" stabs
rcs (1) - change RCS file attributes
rsh (1) - remote shell
rcsclean (1) - clean up working files
rcsdiff (1) - compare RCS revisions
rcsfreeze (1) - freeze a configuration of sources checked in under RCS
rcsmerge (1) - merge RCS revisions
rdist (1) - remote file distribution client program
rdist (1) - remote file distribution program
rdistd (8) - remote file distribution server program
refer (1) - preprocess bibliographic references for groff
rlog (1) - print log messages and other information about RCS files
rlogin (1) - remote login
rpcinfo (8) - report RPC information
rup (1) - remote status display
ruptime (1) - show host status of local machines
rusers (1) - who is logged in to machines on local network
rwall (1) - send a message to users logged on a host
rwho (1) - who is logged in on local machines
s2p (1) - Sed to Perl translator
shar (1) - create a shell archive of files
showmount (8) - show remote NFS mounts on host
soelim (1) - interpret .so requests in groff input
sup (1) - software upgrade protocol
talk (1) - talk to another user
tbl (1) - format tables for troff
telnet (1) - user interface to the TELNET protocol
texi2dvi (1) - print Texinfo documents
texindex (1) - sort Texinfo index files
tfmtodit (1) - create font files for use with groff -Tdvi
tftp (1) - trivial file transfer program
tip, cu (1) - connect to a remote system
tn3270 (1) - full-screen remote login to IBM VM/CMS
troff (1) - format documents
unifdef (1) - remove ifdef'ed lines
units (1) - conversion program
vacation (1) - return ``I am not here'' indication
vgrind (1) - grind nice listings of programs
whois (1) - Internet domain name and network number directory service
window (1) - window environment
write (1) - send a message to another user
write, writev, pwrite, pwritev (2) - write output
yes (1) - be repetitively affirmative
ypcat (1) - print the values of all keys in a YP database
ypmatch (1) - print the values of one or more keys in a YP database
ypwhich (1) - return hostname of YP server of map master
yyfix (1) - extract tables from y.tab.c
chpass, chfn, chsh (1) - add or change user database information
chpass, chfn, chsh (1) - add or change user database information
chpass, chfn, chsh (1) - add or change user database information
passwd (1) - modify a user's password
passwd (5) - format of the password file
passwd.conf (5) - format of the password configuration file
nm (1) - display name list (symbol table)
ar (1) - create and maintain library archives
ar (5) - archive (library) file format
as (1) - the portable GNU assembler.
asa, fpr (1) - interpret carriage-control characters
c++: not found
cc: not found
f77: not found
flex (1) - fast lexical analyzer generator
flex++: not found
asa, fpr (1) - interpret carriage-control characters
g++ (1) - GNU project C++ Compiler
gcc, g++ (1) - GNU project C and C++ Compiler (gcc-2.95)
g77 (1) - GNU project Fortran Compiler (v0.5.24)
gcc, g++ (1) - GNU project C and C++ Compiler (gcc-2.95)
gcov: not found
gdb (1) - The GNU Debugger
gprof (1) - display call graph profile data
lex: not found
lint (1) - a C program verifier
lorder (1) - list dependencies for object files
mkstr (1) - create an error message file by massaging C source
objdump (1) - display information from object files.
ranlib (1) - table-of-contents for archive libraries
ranlib (5) - archive (library) table-of-contents format
rpcgen (1) - RPC protocol compiler
strip (1) - remove unnecessary information from executable files
xstr (1) - extract strings from C programs to implement shared strings
yacc (1) - an LALR(1) parser generator


/usr/libexec

afsd (8) - AFS cache manager for xfs
comsat (8) - biff server
sccs2rcs: not found
cln_hist: not found
commit_prep: not found
cvs2vendor: not found
cvs_acls: not found
cvscheck: not found
exp, expf, expm1, expm1f, log, logf, log10, log10f, log1p, log1pf, pow, powf
(3) - exponential, logarithm, power functions
log, addlog (9) - log a message from the kernel through the /dev/klog device
log_accum: not found
mfpipe: not found
rcs-to-cvs: not found
rcs2log: not found
rcslock: not found
clmerge: not found
fingerd (8) - remote user information server
ftpd (8) - Internet File Transfer Protocol server
identd (8) - TCP/IP IDENT protocol server
kadmind (8) - server for administrative access to kerberos database
kauthd (8) - remote Kerberos login daemon
kerberos (1) - introduction to the Kerberos system
kerberos (8) - The kerberos daemon
kpropd (8) - the kerberos slave server update facility
kpasswdd (8) - Kerberos 5 password changing server
lint1: not found
lint2: not found
lpf: not found
ntalkd: not found
rexecd (8) - remote execution server
rlogind (8) - remote login server
rquotad, rpc.rquotad (8) - remote quota server
rstatd, rpc.rstatd (8) - kernel statistics server
rusersd, rpc.rusersd (8) - logged in users server
rwalld, rpc.rwalld (8) - write messages to users currently logged in server
sprayd, rpc.sprayd (8) - spray server
rshd (8) - remote shell server
safe_finger (8) - TCP wrapper for finger program
smtpd (8) - Obtuse Systems SMTPD message storing daemon
smtpfwdd (8) - Obtuse Systems SMTPFWDD message forwarding daemon
tftpd (8) - DARPA Trivial File Transfer Protocol server
telnetd (8) - DARPA TELNET protocol server
uucpd (8) - unix to unix copy protocol daemon


/usr/sbin

dhcpd (8) - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Server
dhcpd.conf (5) - dhcpd configuration file
dhcpd.leases (5) - DHCP client lease database
dhcrelay (8) - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol Relay Agent
faithd (8) - FAITH IPv6/v4 translator daemon
fs (1) - Manage AFS directorys
fs, inode (5) - format of file system volume
getencstat (8) - get SCSI Environmental Services Device enclosure status
group (5) - format of the group permissions file
group (8) - manage group information on the system
groupadd (8) - add a group to the system
groupdel (8) - remove a group from the system
groupinfo (8) - displays group information
groupmod (8) - modify an existing group on the system
kadmin (8) - Kerberos administration utility
kdb_destroy (8) - destroy Kerberos key distribution center database
kdb_edit (8) - Kerberos key distribution center database editing utility
kdb_init (8) - Initialize Kerberos key distribution center database
kprop (8) - the kerberos slave server update client
kdb_util (8) - Kerberos key distribution center database utility
ksrvutil (8) - host kerberos keyfile (srvtab) manipulation utility
kstash (8) - stash Kerberos key distribution center database master key
logresolve (8) - resolve hostnames for IP-adresses in Apache logfiles
lpc (8) - line printer control program
lpd (8) - line printer spooler daemon
lptest (1) - generate lineprinter ripple pattern
makedbm (8) - create a YP database
makemap (8) - create database maps for sendmail
mkalias (8) - a YP map conversion program
mknetid (8) - a YP filter program
mopa.out (1) - create MOP image from an a.out file
mopchk (1) - MOP check utility
mopd (8) - MOP loader daemon
mopprobe (1) - MOP Probe Utility
moptrace (1) - MOP Trace Utility
named (8) - Internet domain name server
named-xfer (8) - ancillary agent for inbound zone transfers
named.reload (8) - cause the name server to synchronize its database
named.restart (8) - stop and restart the name server
ndc (8) - name daemon control interface
ndp (8) - control/diagnose IPv6 neighbor discovery protocol
pac (8) - printer/plotter accounting information
portmap (8) - DARPA port to RPC program number mapper
pkg_add (1) - install software package distributions
pkg_create (1) - a utility for creating software package distributions
pkg_delete (1) - a utility for deleting previously installed software package
distributions
popa3d (8) - Post Office Protocol server
ppp (8) - Point to Point Protocol (a.k.a. user-ppp)
pppoe (8) - PPP Over Ethernet translator
pppctl (8) - PPP control program
pppd (8) - Point to Point Protocol daemon
pppstats (8) - report statistics for the specified PPP interface
pts (1) - Manage AFS protection database
rbootd (8) - HP remote boot server
rdate (8) - set the system's date from a remote host
revnetgroup (8) - generate reverse netgroup data
rip6query (8) - RIPng debugging tool
bootparamd, rpc.bootparamd (8) - boot parameter server
rpc.lockd (8) - NFS file locking daemon
rpc.pcnfsd: not found
rpc.yppasswdd (8) - YP update password file daemon
rmt (8) - remote magtape protocol module
rtsold (8) - router solicitation daemon
rwhod [d] (8) - system status server
sesd (8) - monitor SCSI Environmental Services Devices
setencstat (8) - set SCSI Environmental Services Device enclosure status
setobjstat (8) - set SCSI Environmental Services Device object status
stdethers (8) - YP filtering program
sliplogin (8) - attach a serial line network interface
spray (8) - send many packets to host
slstats (8) - report slip statistics
stdhosts (8) - YP filtering program
suexec (8) - Switch User For Exec
supfilesrv, supscan (8) - sup server processes
supfilesrv, supscan (8) - sup server processes
tcpdump (8) - dump traffic on a network
timed (8) - time server daemon
timedc (8) - timed control program
trpt (8) - transliterate protocol trace
trsp (8) - transliterate sequenced packet protocol trace
usbdevs (8) - show USB devices connected to the system
vos (1) - manage AFS volumes and the VLDB
ypbind (8) - create and maintain a binding to a YP server
ypinit (8) - create a YP server (master or slave)
yppoll (8) - ask version of YP map from YP server
yppush (8) - force distribution of YP map
ypserv (8) - YP server daemon
ypserv.acl (5) - ypserv(8) configuration file
ypset (8) - tell ypbind(8) which YP server process to use
yptest (8) - calls different YP routines
ypxfr (8) - get a YP map from YP server
ypxfr_1perday: not found
zdump (8) - time zone dumper
ypxfr_1perhour: not found
ypxfr_2perday: not found
zic (8) - time zone compiler
zzz: not found
apmd (8) - Advanced Power Management monitor daemon
ab (8) - Apache HTTP server benchmarking tool
apm (4/MacPPC) - advanced power management device interface
apm (4/i386) - advanced power management device interface
apm (8) - Advanced Power Management control program
apachectl (8) - Apache HTTP server control interface
apxs (8) - APache eXtenSion tool
bootpd, bootpgw (8) - Internet Boot Protocol server/gateway
bootpd, bootpgw (8) - Internet Boot Protocol server/gateway
bootpef (8) - BOOTP Extension File compiler
bootptest (8) - send BOOTP queries and print responses
chat (8) - Automated conversational script with a modem
adduser, rmuser (8) - add and delete users from the system
pwd_mkdb (8) - generate the password databases
adduser, rmuser (8) - add and delete users from the system
User::grent (3p) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getgr*() functions
User::pwent (3p) - by-name interface to Perl's built-in getpw*() functions
user (8) - manage user login information on the system
userdel (8) - remove a user from the system
userinfo (8) - displays user information
usermod (8) - modify user login information
useradd (8) - add a user to the system
vipw (8) - edit the password file
gspa: not found
gspahextoc: not found
kgmon (8) - generate a dump of the operating system's profile buffers



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