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Linux and FreeBSD Emulation notes
- To: misc_(_at_)_openbsd_(_dot_)_org
- Subject: Linux and FreeBSD Emulation notes
- From: Can Erkin Acar <canacar_(_at_)_eee_(_dot_)_metu_(_dot_)_edu_(_dot_)_tr>
- Date: Wed, 2 Oct 2002 14:03:40 +0300
I have been trying to run a commercial program that is available for
Linux and FreeBSD only. I have encountered a few problems during the
process and noticed the sparsity of documentation on the subject.
The program is a statically-linked binary, available for recent
versions of Linux and FreeBSD. I have not been able to run the Linux
version but after some minor modifications, the FreeBSD version ran
successfully. Here are my observations and possible solutions:
* As with any other problem, FAQ, manpages, archives and google are
your friends, use them.
* ktrace(1) helps understand many emulation related problems.
* for statically linked binaries, library packages are NOT needed.
This is obvious but just to keep notes complete :)
* Newer ELF binaries for Linux and FreeBSD could NOT be identified
automatically by the kernel (tested up to 3.2-beta).
* For Linux binaries you can use elf2olf(1) to convert the binary to
OLF format that is identified correctly by the kernel.
* (BUG REPORT) The kernel does NOT preserve the EDX register when
emulating Linux syscalls. This caused the Linux binary to
crash. Patching the kernel solved the crash, however the binary
crashed later at some other place so I gave up working on the Linux
binary and started working on the FreeBSD one.
* elf2olf does NOT work for FreeBSD ELF binaries (have not looked into
it further). The ELF binary is NOT detected by the kernel as FreeBSD
and (naturally) crashed in native mode.
* Obviously there are several methods out there that systems use to
brand the ELF binaries. Recent FreeBSD binaries use an
identification byte in ELF header while OpenBSD probe routines look
for a 'brand' string. Supplying a proper kernel patch is beyond me
so just patch the application binary instead:
$ echo FreeBSD | dd of=/path/to/binary bs=1 seek=8 count=7 conv=notrunc
This writes the string "FreeBSD" to the place where OpenBSD ELF
loader expects it. You can also use a hex editor. Enter the string
"FreeBSD" at offset 8 from the start of file. Do it ONLY for FreeBSD
ELF binaries and keep a backup copy. For me it worked.
* With this patch, kernel detected and ran the FreeBSD binary
Hope this helps someone ...